Brief Historical Background And Development of Lagos State


Lagos State, located in southwestern Nigeria, has a rich historical background and has undergone significant development over the years. It is one of the 36 states in the country.



The history of Lagos State dates back to pre-colonial times when it was originally inhabited by the Awori people. They engaged in fishing, farming, and trading, and their settlements were primarily located on the islands and along the coast.



In the 15th century, Lagos became an important trading port for European explorers, particularly the Portuguese. The Portuguese established a settlement on the island of Lagos in the early 16th century, which later became a major center for the transatlantic slave trade.



Lagos came under British influence in the 19th century and became a British protectorate in 1861. It was later annexed by the British in 1865 and became a colony of the British Empire. Lagos served as the capital of the British colony of Nigeria until 1991 when the capital was moved to Abuja.

Under British rule, Lagos experienced significant development and modernization. Infrastructure such as roads, railways, schools, and hospitals were built, and the city became a major commercial and administrative center.



After Nigeria gained independence from Britain in 1960, Lagos continued to grow and became the economic and cultural hub of the country. However, rapid urbanization and population growth led to various challenges such as overcrowding, traffic congestion, and inadequate infrastructure.



In 1967, Lagos State was created as a separate administrative entity within Nigeria, with Lagos as its capital. This move aimed to decentralize power and improve governance. Since then, the state has undergone further development and expansion.



Lagos State has experienced significant development in various sectors, including infrastructure, education, healthcare, and commerce. The state has witnessed the construction of modern roads, bridges, and other infrastructure projects. It has also become a major hub for trade, finance, and industry in Nigeria.

However, Lagos State also faces challenges due to its rapid growth. Issues such as urban poverty, inadequate public services, and environmental degradation have emerged. The government has been working to address these challenges by implementing various initiatives, including urban renewal projects, improved waste management systems, and social welfare programs.

Lagos State has evolved from a small fishing settlement to a thriving metropolis and remains a key economic and cultural center in Nigeria.



The indigenous people of Lagos State are the Awori, Egun, and Ijebu. These groups have a long history in the region and have contributed to the cultural diversity of Lagos State. The Awori people are believed to be the earliest settlers in the area, while the Egun people have strong ties to neighboring Benin Republic. The Ijebu people are known for their entrepreneurial spirit and have played a significant role in the development of Lagos State. Together, these indigenous groups have helped shape the identity and heritage of Lagos State.



The people of Lagos State have a rich and diverse culture, influenced by the various ethnic groups that reside in the state. The dominant ethnic group in Lagos is the Yoruba, but there are also significant populations of other ethnic groups such as the Awori, Egun, and Ijaw.



Lagos State is known for its vibrant traditional festivals, which showcase the cultural heritage of its people. One of the most famous festivals is the Eyo Festival, also known as the Adamu Orisha Play. It is a colorful procession of masquerades dressed in white robes and adorned with hats and staffs. The festival is held to honor the ancestors and is a major tourist attraction.



Music and dance play a significant role in the culture of Lagos. The Yoruba people are known for their traditional music genres such as Juju, Apala, and Fuji, which are characterized by rhythmic drumming, melodic instruments, and expressive vocals. Lagos also has a thriving contemporary music scene, with genres such as Afrobeat, Afropop, and Highlife being popular.



Lagos State is famous for its diverse and delicious cuisine. Traditional dishes include Jollof Rice, Efo Riro (vegetable soup), Amala (yam flour), and Ewa Agoyin (mashed beans). Seafood is also a significant part of the cuisine, given Lagos’ coastal location.



The traditional attire of the people of Lagos varies depending on the ethnic group. The Yoruba, for example, often wear the Buba (a loose-fitting blouse) and Iro (wrapper) for women, and the Agbada (flowing gown) or Dansiki (tunic) for men. These attires are often made from colorful, locally woven fabrics such as Aso Oke and Adire.



Lagos is home to many talented artisans who produce beautiful works of art and craft. Traditional crafts include pottery, weaving, wood carving, and beadwork. These crafts often have cultural and symbolic significance, reflecting the traditions and beliefs of the people.



The primary language spoken in Lagos is Yoruba, but English is widely spoken and serves as the official language. Many other Nigerian languages are also spoken due to the diverse ethnic makeup of the state.

The culture and traditions of the people of Lagos State are a blend of ancient customs and modern influences. The state’s cultural diversity is celebrated through festivals, music, cuisine, and art, making Lagos a vibrant and culturally rich place.



Modern Lagos is a bustling and vibrant city located in southwestern Nigeria. It is the largest city in Nigeria and one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. Lagos is known for its diverse population, rich cultural heritage, and economic significance.

Economically, Lagos is a major financial hub in Africa, with a thriving business sector and a growing middle class. It is home to numerous multinational corporations, banks, and financial institutions. The city’s economy is driven by various sectors, including finance, telecommunications, manufacturing, entertainment, and services.

Lagos is also a major transportation hub, with the Murtala Muhammed International Airport serving as one of the busiest airports in Africa. The city has a network of roads, bridges, and a rapid transit system to facilitate movement within and around the city.

In terms of infrastructure, Lagos has experienced significant development in recent years, with the construction of modern residential and commercial buildings, shopping malls, and entertainment centers. The city is also known for its vibrant nightlife, with numerous bars, clubs, and restaurants offering a variety of cuisines.

However, Lagos also faces challenges such as traffic congestion, inadequate public transportation, and a lack of affordable housing. The government and various stakeholders are working towards addressing these issues and improving the overall quality of life in the city.



Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.